Source code for monai.data.dataset

# Copyright 2020 - 2021 MONAI Consortium
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
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import math
import pickle
import sys
import threading
import time
import warnings
from copy import deepcopy
from multiprocessing.pool import ThreadPool
from pathlib import Path
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING, Any, Callable, List, Optional, Sequence, Union

import torch
from torch.utils.data import Dataset as _TorchDataset

from monai.data.utils import pickle_hashing
from monai.transforms import Compose, Randomizable, Transform, apply_transform
from monai.utils import MAX_SEED, get_seed, min_version, optional_import

if TYPE_CHECKING:
    from tqdm import tqdm

    has_tqdm = True
else:
    tqdm, has_tqdm = optional_import("tqdm", "4.47.0", min_version, "tqdm")

lmdb, _ = optional_import("lmdb")


[docs]class Dataset(_TorchDataset): """ A generic dataset with a length property and an optional callable data transform when fetching a data sample. For example, typical input data can be a list of dictionaries:: [{ { { 'img': 'image1.nii.gz', 'img': 'image2.nii.gz', 'img': 'image3.nii.gz', 'seg': 'label1.nii.gz', 'seg': 'label2.nii.gz', 'seg': 'label3.nii.gz', 'extra': 123 'extra': 456 'extra': 789 }, }, }] """ def __init__(self, data: Sequence, transform: Optional[Callable] = None) -> None: """ Args: data: input data to load and transform to generate dataset for model. transform: a callable data transform on input data. """ self.data = data self.transform = transform def __len__(self) -> int: return len(self.data) def __getitem__(self, index: int): data = self.data[index] if self.transform is not None: data = apply_transform(self.transform, data) return data
[docs]class PersistentDataset(Dataset): """ Persistent storage of pre-computed values to efficiently manage larger than memory dictionary format data, it can operate transforms for specific fields. Results from the non-random transform components are computed when first used, and stored in the `cache_dir` for rapid retrieval on subsequent uses. For example, typical input data can be a list of dictionaries:: [{ { { 'img': 'image1.nii.gz', 'img': 'image2.nii.gz', 'img': 'image3.nii.gz', 'seg': 'label1.nii.gz', 'seg': 'label2.nii.gz', 'seg': 'label3.nii.gz', 'extra': 123 'extra': 456 'extra': 789 }, }, }] For a composite transform like .. code-block:: python [ LoadImaged(keys=['image', 'label']), Orientationd(keys=['image', 'label'], axcodes='RAS'), ScaleIntensityRanged(keys=['image'], a_min=-57, a_max=164, b_min=0.0, b_max=1.0, clip=True), RandCropByPosNegLabeld(keys=['image', 'label'], label_key='label', spatial_size=(96, 96, 96), pos=1, neg=1, num_samples=4, image_key='image', image_threshold=0), ToTensord(keys=['image', 'label'])] Upon first use a filename based dataset will be processed by the transform for the [LoadImaged, Orientationd, ScaleIntensityRanged] and the resulting tensor written to the `cache_dir` before applying the remaining random dependant transforms [RandCropByPosNegLabeld, ToTensord] elements for use in the analysis. Subsequent uses of a dataset directly read pre-processed results from `cache_dir` followed by applying the random dependant parts of transform processing. Note: The input data must be a list of file paths and will hash them as cache keys. """ def __init__( self, data: Sequence, transform: Union[Sequence[Callable], Callable], cache_dir: Optional[Union[Path, str]] = None, hash_func: Callable[..., bytes] = pickle_hashing, ) -> None: """ Args: data: input data file paths to load and transform to generate dataset for model. `PersistentDataset` expects input data to be a list of serializable and hashes them as cache keys using `hash_func`. transform: transforms to execute operations on input data. cache_dir: If specified, this is the location for persistent storage of pre-computed transformed data tensors. The cache_dir is computed once, and persists on disk until explicitly removed. Different runs, programs, experiments may share a common cache dir provided that the transforms pre-processing is consistent. If the cache_dir doesn't exist, will automatically create it. hash_func: a callable to compute hash from data items to be cached. defaults to `monai.data.utils.pickle_hashing`. """ if not isinstance(transform, Compose): transform = Compose(transform) super().__init__(data=data, transform=transform) self.cache_dir = Path(cache_dir) if cache_dir is not None else None self.hash_func = hash_func if self.cache_dir is not None: if not self.cache_dir.exists(): self.cache_dir.mkdir(parents=True) if not self.cache_dir.is_dir(): raise ValueError("cache_dir must be a directory.") def _pre_transform(self, item_transformed): """ Process the data from original state up to the first random element. Args: item_transformed: The data to be transformed Returns: the transformed element up to the first identified random transform object """ if not isinstance(self.transform, Compose): raise ValueError("transform must be an instance of monai.transforms.Compose.") for _transform in self.transform.transforms: # execute all the deterministic transforms if isinstance(_transform, Randomizable) or not isinstance(_transform, Transform): break item_transformed = apply_transform(_transform, item_transformed) return item_transformed def _post_transform(self, item_transformed): """ Process the data from before the first random transform to the final state ready for evaluation. Args: item_transformed: The data to be transformed (already processed up to the first random transform) Returns: the transformed element through the random transforms """ if not isinstance(self.transform, Compose): raise ValueError("transform must be an instance of monai.transforms.Compose.") start_post_randomize_run = False for _transform in self.transform.transforms: if ( start_post_randomize_run or isinstance(_transform, Randomizable) or not isinstance(_transform, Transform) ): start_post_randomize_run = True item_transformed = apply_transform(_transform, item_transformed) return item_transformed def _cachecheck(self, item_transformed): """ A function to cache the expensive input data transform operations so that huge data sets (larger than computer memory) can be processed on the fly as needed, and intermediate results written to disk for future use. Args: item_transformed: The current data element to be mutated into transformed representation Returns: The transformed data_element, either from cache, or explicitly computing it. Warning: The current implementation does not encode transform information as part of the hashing mechanism used for generating cache names. If the transforms applied are changed in any way, the objects in the cache dir will be invalid. The hash for the cache is ONLY dependant on the input filename paths. """ hashfile = None if self.cache_dir is not None: data_item_md5 = self.hash_func(item_transformed).decode("utf-8") hashfile = self.cache_dir / f"{data_item_md5}.pt" if hashfile is not None and hashfile.is_file(): # cache hit return torch.load(hashfile) _item_transformed = self._pre_transform(deepcopy(item_transformed)) # keep the original hashed if hashfile is not None: # NOTE: Writing to ".temp_write_cache" and then using a nearly atomic rename operation # to make the cache more robust to manual killing of parent process # which may leave partially written cache files in an incomplete state temp_hash_file = hashfile.with_suffix(".temp_write_cache") torch.save(_item_transformed, temp_hash_file) temp_hash_file.rename(hashfile) return _item_transformed def __getitem__(self, index: int): pre_random_item = self._cachecheck(self.data[index]) return self._post_transform(pre_random_item)
[docs]class CacheNTransDataset(PersistentDataset): """ Extension of `PersistentDataset`, tt can also cache the result of first N transforms, no matter it's random or not. """ def __init__( self, data: Sequence, transform: Union[Sequence[Callable], Callable], cache_n_trans: int, cache_dir: Optional[Union[Path, str]] = None, hash_func: Callable[..., bytes] = pickle_hashing, ) -> None: """ Args: data: input data file paths to load and transform to generate dataset for model. `PersistentDataset` expects input data to be a list of serializable and hashes them as cache keys using `hash_func`. transform: transforms to execute operations on input data. cache_n_trans: cache the result of first N transforms. cache_dir: If specified, this is the location for persistent storage of pre-computed transformed data tensors. The cache_dir is computed once, and persists on disk until explicitly removed. Different runs, programs, experiments may share a common cache dir provided that the transforms pre-processing is consistent. If the cache_dir doesn't exist, will automatically create it. hash_func: a callable to compute hash from data items to be cached. defaults to `monai.data.utils.pickle_hashing`. """ super().__init__(data=data, transform=transform, cache_dir=cache_dir, hash_func=hash_func) self.cache_n_trans = cache_n_trans def _pre_transform(self, item_transformed): """ Process the data from original state up to the N element. Args: item_transformed: The data to be transformed Returns: the transformed element up to the N transform object """ if not isinstance(self.transform, Compose): raise ValueError("transform must be an instance of monai.transforms.Compose.") for i, _transform in enumerate(self.transform.transforms): if i == self.cache_n_trans: break item_transformed = apply_transform(_transform, item_transformed) return item_transformed def _post_transform(self, item_transformed): """ Process the data from before the N + 1 transform to the final state ready for evaluation. Args: item_transformed: The data to be transformed (already processed up to the first N transform) Returns: the final transformed result """ if not isinstance(self.transform, Compose): raise ValueError("transform must be an instance of monai.transforms.Compose.") for i, _transform in enumerate(self.transform.transforms): if i >= self.cache_n_trans: item_transformed = apply_transform(_transform, item_transformed) return item_transformed
[docs]class LMDBDataset(PersistentDataset): """ Extension of `PersistentDataset` using LMDB as the backend. See Also: :py:class:`monai.data.PersistentDataset` Examples: >>> items = [{"data": i} for i in range(5)] # [{'data': 0}, {'data': 1}, {'data': 2}, {'data': 3}, {'data': 4}] >>> lmdb_ds = monai.data.LMDBDataset(items, transform=monai.transforms.SimulateDelayd("data", delay_time=1)) >>> print(list(lmdb_ds)) # using the cached results """ def __init__( self, data: Sequence, transform: Union[Sequence[Callable], Callable], cache_dir: Union[Path, str] = "cache", hash_func: Callable[..., bytes] = pickle_hashing, db_name: str = "monai_cache", progress: bool = True, pickle_protocol=pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL, lmdb_kwargs: Optional[dict] = None, ) -> None: """ Args: data: input data file paths to load and transform to generate dataset for model. `LMDBDataset` expects input data to be a list of serializable and hashes them as cache keys using `hash_func`. transform: transforms to execute operations on input data. cache_dir: if specified, this is the location for persistent storage of pre-computed transformed data tensors. The cache_dir is computed once, and persists on disk until explicitly removed. Different runs, programs, experiments may share a common cache dir provided that the transforms pre-processing is consistent. If the cache_dir doesn't exist, will automatically create it. Defaults to "./cache". hash_func: a callable to compute hash from data items to be cached. defaults to `monai.data.utils.pickle_hashing`. db_name: lmdb database file name. Defaults to "monai_cache". progress: whether to display a progress bar. pickle_protocol: pickle protocol version. Defaults to pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL. https://docs.python.org/3/library/pickle.html#pickle-protocols lmdb_kwargs: additional keyword arguments to the lmdb environment. for more details please visit: https://lmdb.readthedocs.io/en/release/#environment-class """ super().__init__(data=data, transform=transform, cache_dir=cache_dir, hash_func=hash_func) if not self.cache_dir: raise ValueError("cache_dir must be specified.") self.db_file = self.cache_dir / f"{db_name}.lmdb" self.pickle_protocol = pickle_protocol self.lmdb_kwargs = lmdb_kwargs or {} if not self.lmdb_kwargs.get("map_size", 0): self.lmdb_kwargs["map_size"] = 1024 ** 4 # default map_size self._read_env = None self.progress = progress print(f"Accessing lmdb file: {self.db_file.absolute()}.") def _fill_cache_start_reader(self): # create cache self.lmdb_kwargs["readonly"] = False env = lmdb.open(path=f"{self.db_file}", subdir=False, **self.lmdb_kwargs) if not has_tqdm: warnings.warn("LMDBDataset: tqdm is not installed. not displaying the caching progress.") for item in tqdm(self.data) if has_tqdm and self.progress else self.data: key = self.hash_func(item) done, retry, val = False, 5, None while not done and retry > 0: try: with env.begin(write=True) as txn: with txn.cursor() as cursor: done = cursor.set_key(key) if done: continue if val is None: val = self._pre_transform(deepcopy(item)) # keep the original hashed val = pickle.dumps(val, protocol=self.pickle_protocol) txn.put(key, val) done = True except lmdb.MapFullError: done, retry = False, retry - 1 size = env.info()["map_size"] new_size = size * 2 warnings.warn(f"Resizing the cache database from {int(size) >> 20}MB to {int(new_size) >> 20}MB.") env.set_mapsize(new_size) if not done: # still has the map full error size = env.info()["map_size"] env.close() raise ValueError(f"LMDB map size reached, increase size above current size of {size}.") size = env.info()["map_size"] env.close() # read-only database env self.lmdb_kwargs["readonly"] = True self.lmdb_kwargs["map_size"] = size if self.lmdb_kwargs.get("lock", None) is None: self.lmdb_kwargs["lock"] = False if self.lmdb_kwargs.get("readahead", None) is None: self.lmdb_kwargs["readahead"] = False return lmdb.open(path=f"{self.db_file}", subdir=False, **self.lmdb_kwargs) def _cachecheck(self, item_transformed): """ if the item is not found in the lmdb file, resolves to the persistent cache default behaviour. """ if self._read_env is None: self._read_env = self._fill_cache_start_reader() with self._read_env.begin(write=False) as txn: data = txn.get(self.hash_func(item_transformed)) if data is None: warnings.warn("LMDBDataset: cache key not found, running fallback caching.") return super()._cachecheck(item_transformed) try: return pickle.loads(data) except Exception as err: raise RuntimeError("Invalid cache value, corrupted lmdb file?") from err
[docs] def info(self): """ Returns: dataset info dictionary. """ if self._read_env is None: self._read_env = self._fill_cache_start_reader() out = dict(self._read_env.info()) out["size"] = len(self.data) out["filename"] = f"{self.db_file.absolute()}" return out
[docs]class CacheDataset(Dataset): """ Dataset with cache mechanism that can load data and cache deterministic transforms' result during training. By caching the results of non-random preprocessing transforms, it accelerates the training data pipeline. If the requested data is not in the cache, all transforms will run normally (see also :py:class:`monai.data.dataset.Dataset`). Users can set the cache rate or number of items to cache. It is recommended to experiment with different `cache_num` or `cache_rate` to identify the best training speed. To improve the caching efficiency, please always put as many as possible non-random transforms before the randomized ones when composing the chain of transforms. For example, if the transform is a `Compose` of:: transforms = Compose([ LoadImaged(), AddChanneld(), Spacingd(), Orientationd(), ScaleIntensityRanged(), RandCropByPosNegLabeld(), ToTensord() ]) when `transforms` is used in a multi-epoch training pipeline, before the first training epoch, this dataset will cache the results up to ``ScaleIntensityRanged``, as all non-random transforms `LoadImaged`, `AddChanneld`, `Spacingd`, `Orientationd`, `ScaleIntensityRanged` can be cached. During training, the dataset will load the cached results and run ``RandCropByPosNegLabeld`` and ``ToTensord``, as ``RandCropByPosNegLabeld`` is a randomized transform and the outcome not cached. """ def __init__( self, data: Sequence, transform: Union[Sequence[Callable], Callable], cache_num: int = sys.maxsize, cache_rate: float = 1.0, num_workers: Optional[int] = None, ) -> None: """ Args: data: input data to load and transform to generate dataset for model. transform: transforms to execute operations on input data. cache_num: number of items to be cached. Default is `sys.maxsize`. will take the minimum of (cache_num, data_length x cache_rate, data_length). cache_rate: percentage of cached data in total, default is 1.0 (cache all). will take the minimum of (cache_num, data_length x cache_rate, data_length). num_workers: the number of worker processes to use. If num_workers is None then the number returned by os.cpu_count() is used. """ if not isinstance(transform, Compose): transform = Compose(transform) super().__init__(data=data, transform=transform) self.cache_num = min(int(cache_num), int(len(data) * cache_rate), len(data)) self.num_workers = num_workers if self.num_workers is not None: self.num_workers = max(int(self.num_workers), 1) self._cache: List = self._fill_cache() def _fill_cache(self) -> List: if self.cache_num <= 0: return [] if not has_tqdm: warnings.warn("tqdm is not installed, will not show the caching progress bar.") with ThreadPool(self.num_workers) as p: if has_tqdm: return list(tqdm(p.imap(self._load_cache_item, range(self.cache_num)), total=self.cache_num)) return list(p.imap(self._load_cache_item, range(self.cache_num))) def _load_cache_item(self, idx: int): """ Args: idx: the index of the input data sequence. """ item = self.data[idx] if not isinstance(self.transform, Compose): raise ValueError("transform must be an instance of monai.transforms.Compose.") for _transform in self.transform.transforms: # execute all the deterministic transforms if isinstance(_transform, Randomizable) or not isinstance(_transform, Transform): break item = apply_transform(_transform, item) return item def __getitem__(self, index): if index >= self.cache_num: # no cache for this index, execute all the transforms directly return super(CacheDataset, self).__getitem__(index) # load data from cache and execute from the first random transform start_run = False if self._cache is None: self._cache = self._fill_cache() data = self._cache[index] if not isinstance(self.transform, Compose): raise ValueError("transform must be an instance of monai.transforms.Compose.") for _transform in self.transform.transforms: if start_run or isinstance(_transform, Randomizable) or not isinstance(_transform, Transform): start_run = True data = apply_transform(_transform, data) return data
[docs]class SmartCacheDataset(CacheDataset): """ Re-implementation of the SmartCache mechanism in NVIDIA Clara-train SDK. At any time, the cache pool only keeps a subset of the whole dataset. In each epoch, only the items in the cache are used for training. This ensures that data needed for training is readily available, keeping GPU resources busy. Note that cached items may still have to go through a non-deterministic transform sequence before being fed to GPU. At the same time, another thread is preparing replacement items by applying the transform sequence to items not in cache. Once one epoch is completed, Smart Cache replaces the same number of items with replacement items. Smart Cache uses a simple `running window` algorithm to determine the cache content and replacement items. Let N be the configured number of objects in cache; and R be the number of replacement objects (R = ceil(N * r), where r is the configured replace rate). For more details, please refer to: https://docs.nvidia.com/clara/tlt-mi/clara-train-sdk-v3.0/nvmidl/additional_features/smart_cache.html#smart-cache For example, if we have 5 images: `[image1, image2, image3, image4, image5]`, and `cache_num=4`, `replace_rate=0.25`. so the actual training images cached and replaced for every epoch are as below:: epoch 1: [image1, image2, image3, image4] epoch 2: [image2, image3, image4, image5] epoch 3: [image3, image4, image5, image1] epoch 3: [image4, image5, image1, image2] epoch N: [image[N % 5] ...] The usage of `SmartCacheDataset` contains 4 steps: 1. Initialize `SmartCacheDataset` object and cache for the first epoch. 2. Call `start()` to run replacement thread in background. 3. Call `update_cache()` before every epoch to replace training items. 4. Call `shutdown()` when training ends. """ def __init__( self, data: Sequence, transform: Union[Sequence[Callable], Callable], replace_rate: float, cache_num: int = sys.maxsize, cache_rate: float = 1.0, num_init_workers: Optional[int] = None, num_replace_workers: int = 0, ) -> None: """ Args: data: input data to load and transform to generate dataset for model. transform: transforms to execute operations on input data. replace_rate: percentage of the cached items to be replaced in every epoch. cache_num: number of items to be cached. Default is `sys.maxsize`. will take the minimum of (cache_num, data_length x cache_rate, data_length). cache_rate: percentage of cached data in total, default is 1.0 (cache all). will take the minimum of (cache_num, data_length x cache_rate, data_length). num_init_workers: the number of worker threads to initialize the cache for first epoch. If num_init_workers is None then the number returned by os.cpu_count() is used. num_replace_workers: the number of worker threads to prepare the replacement cache for every epoch. if 0, run in main thread, no separate thread will open. """ super().__init__(data, transform, cache_num, cache_rate, num_init_workers) if self._cache is None: self._cache = self._fill_cache() if self.cache_num >= len(data): raise ValueError("cache_num must be smaller than dataset length to support replacement.") if replace_rate <= 0: raise ValueError("replace_rate must be greater than 0, otherwise, please use CacheDataset.") self.num_replace_workers: int = num_replace_workers self._total_num: int = len(data) self._replace_num: int = min(math.ceil(self.cache_num * replace_rate), len(data) - self.cache_num) self._replacements: List[Any] = [None for _ in range(self._replace_num)] self._replace_data_idx: List[int] = list(range(self._replace_num)) self._start_pos: int = 0 self._update_lock: threading.Lock = threading.Lock() self._round: int = 1 self._replace_done: bool = False self._replace_mgr: Optional[threading.Thread] = None self._compute_data_idx() def _compute_data_idx(self): """ Update the replacement data position in the total data. """ for i in range(self._replace_num): pos: int = self._start_pos + self.cache_num + i if pos >= self._total_num: pos -= self._total_num self._replace_data_idx[i] = pos
[docs] def is_started(self): """ Check whether the replacement thread is already started. """ if self._replace_mgr is None: return False return self._replace_mgr.isAlive()
[docs] def start(self): """ Start the background thread to replace training items for every epoch. """ if self._replace_mgr is None or not self.is_started(): self._restart()
def _restart(self): """ Restart background thread if killed for some reason. """ self._round = 1 self._replace_mgr = threading.Thread(target=self.manage_replacement, daemon=True) self._replace_mgr.start() def _try_update_cache(self): """ Update the cache items with new replacement for current epoch. """ with self._update_lock: if not self._replace_done: return False remain_num: int = self.cache_num - self._replace_num for i in range(remain_num): self._cache[i] = self._cache[i + self._replace_num] for i in range(self._replace_num): self._cache[remain_num + i] = self._replacements[i] self._start_pos += self._replace_num if self._start_pos >= self._total_num: self._start_pos -= self._total_num self._compute_data_idx() # ready for next round self._round += 1 self._replace_done = False return True
[docs] def update_cache(self): """ Update cache items for current epoch, need to call this function before every epoch. If the cache has been shutdown before, need to restart the `_replace_mgr` thread. """ if not self._replace_mgr.isAlive(): self._restart() # make sure update is done while not self._try_update_cache(): time.sleep(0.01)
def _try_shutdown(self): """ Wait for thread lock to shut down the background thread. """ with self._update_lock: if self._replace_done: self._round = 0 self._replace_done = False return True return False
[docs] def shutdown(self): """ Shut down the background thread for replacement. """ if not self.is_started(): return # wait until replace mgr is done the current round while not self._try_shutdown(): time.sleep(0.01) self._replace_mgr.join()
def _replace_cache_thread(self, index: int): """ Execute deterministic transforms on the new data for replacement. """ pos: int = self._replace_data_idx[index] self._replacements[index] = self._load_cache_item(pos) def _compute_replacements(self): """ Compute expected items for the replacement of next epoch, execute deterministic transforms. It can support multi-threads to accelerate the computation progress. """ if self.num_replace_workers > 0: with ThreadPool(self.num_replace_workers) as p: p.map(self._replace_cache_thread, list(range(self._replace_num))) else: for i in range(self._replace_num): self._replace_cache_thread(i) self._replace_done = True def _try_manage_replacement(self, check_round): """ Wait thread lock and replace training items in the background thread. """ with self._update_lock: if self._round <= 0: # shutdown replacement self._replace_done = True return True, -1 if self._round != check_round: self._compute_replacements() return False, self._round
[docs] def manage_replacement(self): """ Background thread for replacement. """ check_round: int = -1 done = False while not done: done, check_round = self._try_manage_replacement(check_round) time.sleep(0.01)
def __len__(self): """ The dataset length is given by cache_num instead of len(data). """ return self.cache_num
[docs]class ZipDataset(Dataset): """ Zip several PyTorch datasets and output data(with the same index) together in a tuple. If the output of single dataset is already a tuple, flatten it and extend to the result. For example: if datasetA returns (img, imgmeta), datasetB returns (seg, segmeta), finally return (img, imgmeta, seg, segmeta). And if the datasets don't have same length, use the minimum length of them as the length of ZipDataset. Examples:: >>> zip_data = ZipDataset([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5]]) >>> print(len(zip_data)) 2 >>> for item in zip_data: >>> print(item) [1, 4] [2, 5] """ def __init__(self, datasets: Sequence, transform: Optional[Callable] = None) -> None: """ Args: datasets: list of datasets to zip together. transform: a callable data transform operates on the zipped item from `datasets`. """ super().__init__(list(datasets), transform=transform) def __len__(self) -> int: return min((len(dataset) for dataset in self.data)) def __getitem__(self, index: int): def to_list(x): return list(x) if isinstance(x, (tuple, list)) else [x] data = [] for dataset in self.data: data.extend(to_list(dataset[index])) if self.transform is not None: data = apply_transform(self.transform, data, map_items=False) # transform the list data # use tuple instead of list as the default collate_fn callback of MONAI DataLoader flattens nested lists return tuple(data)
[docs]class ArrayDataset(Randomizable, _TorchDataset): """ Dataset for segmentation and classification tasks based on array format input data and transforms. It ensures the same random seeds in the randomized transforms defined for image, segmentation and label. The `transform` can be :py:class:`monai.transforms.Compose` or any other callable object. For example: If train based on Nifti format images without metadata, all transforms can be composed:: img_transform = Compose( [ LoadImage(image_only=True), AddChannel(), RandAdjustContrast() ] ) ArrayDataset(img_file_list, img_transform=img_transform) If training based on images and the metadata, the array transforms can not be composed because several transforms receives multiple parameters or return multiple values. Then Users need to define their own callable method to parse metadata from `LoadImage` or set `affine` matrix to `Spacing` transform:: class TestCompose(Compose): def __call__(self, input_): img, metadata = self.transforms[0](input_) img = self.transforms[1](img) img, _, _ = self.transforms[2](img, metadata["affine"]) return self.transforms[3](img), metadata img_transform = TestCompose( [ LoadImage(image_only=False), AddChannel(), Spacing(pixdim=(1.5, 1.5, 3.0)), RandAdjustContrast() ] ) ArrayDataset(img_file_list, img_transform=img_transform) Examples:: >>> ds = ArrayDataset([1, 2, 3, 4], lambda x: x + 0.1) >>> print(ds[0]) 1.1 >>> ds = ArrayDataset(img=[1, 2, 3, 4], seg=[5, 6, 7, 8]) >>> print(ds[0]) [1, 5] """ def __init__( self, img: Sequence, img_transform: Optional[Callable] = None, seg: Optional[Sequence] = None, seg_transform: Optional[Callable] = None, labels: Optional[Sequence] = None, label_transform: Optional[Callable] = None, ) -> None: """ Initializes the dataset with the filename lists. The transform `img_transform` is applied to the images and `seg_transform` to the segmentations. Args: img: sequence of images. img_transform: transform to apply to each element in `img`. seg: sequence of segmentations. seg_transform: transform to apply to each element in `seg`. labels: sequence of labels. label_transform: transform to apply to each element in `labels`. """ items = [(img, img_transform), (seg, seg_transform), (labels, label_transform)] self.set_random_state(seed=get_seed()) datasets = [Dataset(x[0], x[1]) for x in items if x[0] is not None] self.dataset = datasets[0] if len(datasets) == 1 else ZipDataset(datasets) self._seed = 0 # transform synchronization seed def __len__(self) -> int: return len(self.dataset)
[docs] def randomize(self, data: Optional[Any] = None) -> None: self._seed = self.R.randint(MAX_SEED, dtype="uint32")
def __getitem__(self, index: int): self.randomize() if isinstance(self.dataset, ZipDataset): # set transforms of each zip component for dataset in self.dataset.data: transform = getattr(dataset, "transform", None) if isinstance(transform, Randomizable): transform.set_random_state(seed=self._seed) transform = getattr(self.dataset, "transform", None) if isinstance(transform, Randomizable): transform.set_random_state(seed=self._seed) return self.dataset[index]